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刘瑞祥1,2,*,边高鹏1,2,兰婷婷1,孙学茹1,常惠丽3,任嘉红1,2. 彗星试验检测地下水有机污染物的遗传毒性效应[J]. 生态毒理学报, 2017, 12(3): 726-731
彗星试验检测地下水有机污染物的遗传毒性效应
Genotoxicity Evaluation of Organic Pollutants in Ground Water with Comet Assay
投稿时间:2016-11-17  修订日期:2016-12-17
DOI:10.7524/AJE.1673-5897.20161117001
中文关键词:  地下水  有机污染物  彗星试验  人外周血淋巴细胞  小鼠淋巴细胞
英文关键词:ground water  organic pollutants  comet assay  human peripheral lymphocytes  mouse lymphocytes
基金项目:山西省高等学校大学生创新创业训练重点项目(No.2015426);地方高校国家级大学生创新创业训练计划项目(No.201510122001)
作者单位
刘瑞祥1,2,*,边高鹏1,2,兰婷婷1,孙学茹1,常惠丽3,任嘉红1,2 1. 长治学院生物科学与技术系长治 046011 2. 太行山生态与环境研究所长治 046011 3. 长治市环境监测站长治 046000 
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中文摘要:
      应用人外周血淋巴细胞和小鼠淋巴细胞彗星试验,对长治市5个样点的地下水有机浓集物进行了遗传毒性研究。结果表明,各水样中有机浓集物在3个染毒剂量50,200,800 mL 管-1条件下均可对人外周血淋巴细胞和小鼠淋巴细胞DNA产生不同程度的遗传损伤,并且随着浓度的升高,DNA损伤程度明显增加,各实验组与溶剂对照组相比有P < 0.05或P < 0.01显著差异。研究表明,上述2种淋巴细胞彗星试验可有效地检测地下水体有机污染物的遗传毒性。
  
AuthorAffiliation
Liu Ruixiang1,2,*, Bian Gaopeng1,2, Lan Tingting1, Sun Xueru1, Chang Huili3, Ren Jiahong1,21. The Department of Biology Science and Technology, Changzhi College, Changzhi 046011, China 2. Taihang Mountain Institute of Ecology and Environment, Changzhi 046011, China 3. Environmental Monitoring Station of Changzhi, Changzhi 046000, China
英文摘要:
      The genotoxicity of organic pollutants to human peripheral lymphocytes and mouse lymphocytes in Changzhi groundwater was investigated. The comet assay was conducted to detect DNA damage induced by the organic extracts of five typical sample sites. The results showed that the DNA damage in human peripheral lymphocytes and mouse lymphocytes was induced by the organic substances tested in 50,200 and 800 mL tube-1. DNA damage increased obviously with the dose of the organic extracts. Significant differences (P< 0.05, P< 0.01) were observed compared with the negative control group. This study also demonstrated that comet assay could be successfully applied to the genotoxicity monitoring of water organic extracts in human peripheral lymphocytes and mouse lymphocytes.
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