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郭惠卫,于南洋,王学兵,韦斯*. 环境有毒有害物质快速鉴别方法与应用[J]. 生态毒理学报, 2017, 12(3): 336-345
环境有毒有害物质快速鉴别方法与应用
A Rapid High-Throughput Method for Screening Environmental Toxic and Hazardous Substances in Solid Waste
投稿时间:2017-01-15  修订日期:2017-03-13
DOI:10.7524/AJE.1673-5897.20170115007
中文关键词:  有毒有害物质  可疑物  快速鉴别
英文关键词:toxic and hazardous substance  suspect screening  rapid identifying
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(21677067);江苏省太湖水环境综合治理科研课题(TH2016306);江苏省环境监测科研基金(1317);“通过环境无害化管理减少电子电器产品的生命周期内持久性有机污染物和持久性有毒化学品(POPs/PTS)排放全额示范”项目(ID 5044)
作者单位
郭惠卫,于南洋,王学兵,韦斯* 南京大学环境学院污染控制与资源化研究国家重点实验室南京210023 
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中文摘要:
      频发的污染事故严重影响环境质量,危害人群健康,事故的源解析和修复成为了关键问题。而传统的靶向分析方法无法胜任实际工作需求。因此,本研究建立了1)有毒有害物质清单;2)一种针对有毒有害物质的快速高效鉴别方法。将上述方法应用于某场地污染事件,成功筛查鉴定出30种环境高关注度物质,通过数据库比对进一步鉴定了6种危废物质,通过购买标准样品成功验证了4种物质。同时,还通过文献查阅与标样比对确认了另外2种有毒物质。因此,本研究建立的有毒有害物质快速筛查方法为实际环境中的污染物快速鉴别提供了一种可靠的、可行的方法。
  
AuthorAffiliation
Guo Huiwei, Yu Nanyang, Wang Xuebing, Wei Si*State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control & Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
英文摘要:
      Frequent pollution accidents have seriously threatened the environment quality and public health. After pollution accidents happened, identification of pollution sources and remediation of contaminated sites became important issues. However, the traditional target analysis cannot quickly identify the major pollutants in accidents. Therefore, this study developed a rapid and efficient method for the identification of potential toxic and hazardous substance (THS) including a list of THS. This method was successfully applied into a pollution event, and firstly, 30 highly concerned environmental substances were screened out. Then, 6 hazardous waste substances (HWS) were further identified by database comparison. Eventually, 4 substances were confirmed by available reference standards. Meanwhile, other two toxic chemicals were confirmed by literature search and standard comparasion. Overall, this study developes a high-throughput screening method for THS, and provide a reliable and feasible measurement for identification of THSs in environment.
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