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许芸松1, 刘伟健1, 赵永志2,余双雨1,沈国锋1, 李静雅1,熊冠男1,刘洋1,蔡传洋1,李尧3,陶澍1,刘文新1,*. 黄、渤海滨海带大气颗粒物时空分布与来源特征[J]. 生态毒理学报, 2017, 12(3): 346-357
黄、渤海滨海带大气颗粒物时空分布与来源特征
Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Atmospheric Particle Matter and Source Characteristics in the Littoral Areas of Bohai Sea and Yellow Sea
投稿时间:2017-01-16  修订日期:2017-03-08
DOI:10.7524/AJE.1673-5897.20170116004
中文关键词:  黄渤海滨海带  大气  PM10  时空分布  来源特征
英文关键词:littoral areas  Bohai Sea  Yellow Sea  PM10  spatiotemporal distribution  source characteristics
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41390240);国家科技基础专项(2013FY111100 -04);国家重点基础研究规划(973)项目(2014CB441101)
作者单位
许芸松1, 刘伟健1, 赵永志2,余双雨1,沈国锋1, 李静雅1,熊冠男1,刘洋1,蔡传洋1,李尧3,陶澍1,刘文新1,* 1. 北京大学城市与环境学院地表过程分析与模拟教育部重点实验室北京 100871 2. 黑龙江省齐齐哈尔市环境工程评估中心 齐齐哈尔 161005 3. 南开大学环境科学与工程学院天津 300350 
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中文摘要:
      PM10作为大气污染物监测的主要指标之一,探究大气PM10浓度对大气环境质量和人体健康评价具有重要意义。黄、渤海滨海带包括京、津和辽、冀、鲁、苏等工、农业大省,区域大气PM10污染的时空分布和来源特征具有复杂性和典型性。在锦州、北京、天津、烟台、青岛、连云港和盐城7个城市布设10个采样点,含7个城市点和3个农村点,开展为期一年的大气颗粒物的采样;同时,于冬季1月和夏季7月在锦州、天津和烟台进行合计60 d的加密采样,藉以确定研究区域大气PM10的时空分布和来源特征。结果表明,黄、渤海滨海带大气年均PM10总浓度为(129 ±18) mg??m-3,单月最低值出现在2015 年7月盐城农村样点15 mg??m-3,最高值为2015年3月北京城市点307 mg??m-3。 盐城大气PM10浓度(城市点(85 ±27) mg??m-3和农村点(66 ±35) mg??m-3)显著低于其他样点大气PM10浓度。渤海滨海带中西部的京(140 ±68 mg??m-3 )、津(169 ±60 mg??m-3 )两市大气PM10 年均浓度显著高于东部的锦州(125 ±41 mg??m-3)和烟台(109 ±31 mg??m-3);而且黄海滨海带大气PM10年均浓度(114 mg??m-3)显著低于渤海滨海带年均浓度(136 mg??m-3),总体上表现出西高东低、北高南低的特征。黄、渤海滨海带城市点和农村点年均浓度分别为(129 ±18) mg??m-3和(112 ±30) mg??m-3;农村点春冬季大气PM10浓度和城市点浓度相当,无显著差异,夏秋季大气PM10浓度略低于城市浓度,表明农村地区大气颗粒物污染情况也较为严重,需受到关注。区域内PM10 浓度季节变化整体表现为春冬高、夏秋低。利用多元回归分析初步判断黄、渤海滨海带PM10属于复合来源,大气PM10浓度约30%的变化与降水、人均能耗和沙尘天气相关。黄、渤海滨海带大气PM10浓度的昼夜变化不大,大气PM10浓度与气温呈现正相关,与风速和降水呈现负相关,表现为受各种气象因素综合作用的影响。
  
AuthorAffiliation
Xu Yunsong1, Liu Weijian1, Zhao Yongzhi2, Yu Shuangyu1, Shen Guofeng1, Li Jingya1, Xiong Guannan1, Liu Yang1, Cai Chuanyang1, Li Yao3, Tao Shu1, Liu Wenxin1,*1. Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes of Ministry of Education, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China 2. Center for Environmental Engineering Assessment, Qiqihar 161005, China 3. College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin 300350, China
英文摘要:
      Since PM10 is one of the major indicators to assess atmospheric pollution, it is significant to explore the tempo-spatial changes in PM10 for the air quality and human health. In the littoral zones of Bohai Sea and Yellow Sea, there are two municipalities and some industrial and agricultural provinces, therefore the spatiotemporal distribution and source characteristics of PM10 are characterized by complexity and representativeness. In this study, the PM10 samples were collected in 7 urban sites (i.e., Jinzhou, Beijing, Tianjin, Yantai, Qingdao, Lianyungang and Yancheng) and 3 corresponding rural sites for a period of 1 year. Meanwhile, the intensive sampling activities were conducted in January and July lasted for a total of 60 days in the sites at Jinzhou, Tianjin and Yantai. The results showed that the annual average of PM10 concentrations in the whole littoral zone was (129 ±18) μg??m-3. The minimum concentration of PM10 in a single month was 15 μg??m-3 at the rural site of Yancheng in July 2015; while the maximum concentration of PM10 in a single month was 307 μg??m-3 at the urban site of Beijing in March 2015. The concentrations of PM10 in Yancheng (85 ±27 μg??m-3 and 66 ±35 μg??m-3 at urban and rural sites, respectively) were obviously lower than those at the other sampling sites. The concentrations of PM10 in Beijing (140 ±68 μg??m-3)and in Tianjin (169 ±60 μg??m-3 ) situated in the mid-west part of Bohai littoral zone, were evidently greater than those in Jinzhou (125 ±41 μg??m-3) and in Yantai (109 ±31 μg??m-3) located in the east part of Bohai littoral zone. Moreover, the annual average concentration of PM10 in the coastal zone of Yellow Sea (114 μg??m-3) was apparent- ly lower than that in the coastal areas of Bohai Sea (136 μg??m-3). Therefore, the spatial distribution of PM10 con- centration exhibited the decreasing trend from the west to the east and from the north to the south. In addition, the annual averages of PM10 concentrations in the urban and rural sites were (129 ±18) μg??m-3 and (112 ±30) μg??m-3, respectively. The levels of PM10 in the rural sites during winter and spring were close to those in the urban sites with no significant differences, indicating that the air pollution in the local rural areas was considerably severe and thus more attention should be paid. The levels of PM10 in the rural sites during summer and autumn were slightly lower than those in the urban sites. In view of two coastal zones, the seasonal feature of PM10 concentration was higher in spring and winter, and lower in summer and autumn. Based on a multivariate regression model, the emis- sion source of PM10 in the littoral areas of Bohai Sea and Yellow Sea was multiple. About 30% of the total varia- tions in the concentration of PM10 could be attributed to the local wet precipitation, energy consumption per capita and sandstorm. The diurnal changes in concentration of PM10 were not significant in the two zones. The concentra- tion PM10 showed positive correlation with air temperature, and negative correlations with wind velocity and wet precipitation. In other words, PM2.5 concentration was affected by the combined meteorological factors.
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