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张瑛*,曹迪,胡丽萍,石柳,王栋,孟甜甜,郭溪,周集体. 某石化废水的综合毒性评价及其处理工艺对毒性的削减规律研究[J]. 生态毒理学报, 2017, 12(5): 109-118
某石化废水的综合毒性评价及其处理工艺对毒性的削减规律研究
Comprehensive Toxicity Evaluation and the Effect of the Treatment Process on Toxicity Reduction of A Petrochemical Wastewater
投稿时间:2017-02-12  修订日期:2017-05-03
DOI:10.7524/AJE.1673-5897.20170212001
中文关键词:  石化废水  综合毒性评价  毒性削减  毒性鉴别
英文关键词:petrochemical wastewater  comprehensive toxicity evaluation  toxicity reduction  toxicity identification evaluation
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(21477014;21261140334);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目
作者单位
张瑛*,曹迪,胡丽萍,石柳,王栋,孟甜甜,郭溪,周集体 大连理工大学化工与环境生命学部环境学院工业生态与环境工程教育部重点实验室大连 116024 
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中文摘要:
      利用生物毒性测试对环境中的污染物进行生态风险评价,是目前风险评价中的研究热点。本研究以明亮发光杆菌(Photobacterium phosphoreum)、斜生栅藻(Scenedesmus obliquus) 和大型溞(Daphina magna)为受试生物,对某石化厂废水的处理流程中5个主要单元出水的急性毒性进行了测试,分析了其急性毒性与理化指标间的相关性;同时,为了解不同处理单元毒性去除效果及主要毒性来源,结合毒性鉴别评价(toxicity identification evaluation, TIE)技术对各阶段出水的毒性削减及其主要致毒物质类别进行了分析。毒性测试结果表明,该废水处理厂对石化废水的毒性去除效果比较显著,其中进水对明亮发光杆菌、斜生栅藻和大型溞分别表现为中毒、高毒和剧毒,最终处理后出水的毒性分别为无急性毒、中毒和微毒,对毒性的去除效率分别为96.4%、74.3%和99.5%。TIE结果表明,石化废水中的主要致毒物质是非极性有机物和可滤型物质。本研究结果为石化废水的综合生物毒性评价提供了研究基础,为探讨废水生物毒性的去除提供了实例参考。
  
AuthorAffiliation
Zhang Ying*, Cao Di, Hu Liping, Shi Liu, Wang Dong, Meng Tiantian, Guo Xi, Zhou JitiSchool of Environmental Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Key Laboratory of Industrial Ecology and Environmental Engineering (MOE), Dalian 116024, China
英文摘要:
      In the field of environmental risk assessment, one issue is to apply biological toxicity tests to evaluate the potential risk of pollutants. In this study, we tested the acute toxicity of five effluents of petrochemical wastewater from industrial wastewater treatment processes, using Photobacterium phosphoreum, Scenedesmus obliquus as and Daphina magna as test organisms, and the relationship between the acute toxicity and physicochemical parameters were analyzed. Meanwhile, to identify the toxicity source of wastewater samples, toxicity identification evaluation (TIE) technique was performed. Our results showed that the current wastewater treatment process could reduce the acute toxicity significantly. The raw influent presented acute toxicity, high acute toxicity and very high acute toxicity on Photobacterium phosphoreum, Scenedesmus obliquus and Daphina magna, respectively; while the final effluent exhibited no acute toxicity, acute toxicity and slight acute toxicity, respectively, resulting in the toxicity removal efficiencies of 96.4%, 74.3% and 95.5%, respectively. TIE results suggested that the main toxicity substances were non-polar organic and filterable material. Our results provided a basis for the evaluation of the comprehensive toxicity of petrochemical wastewater, and an example for the removal of biological toxicity of wastewater.
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