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-. 依据(代)生物体对化学品的反应预测对生态系统服务功能的影响[J]. 生态毒理学报, 2017, 12(3):
依据(代)生物体对化学品的反应预测对生态系统服务功能的影响
A Framework for Predicting Impacts on Ecosystem Services from (sub)Organismal Responses to Chemicals
  
DOI:10.7524/AJE.1673-5897.201716etc
中文关键词:  
英文关键词:Ecological production function  Ecological risk assessment  Ecosystem service  Environmental management  Mechanistic effects model
基金项目:
作者单位
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中文摘要:
      保护生态系统服务功能越来越多地被作为风险评估的目标,但是目前生态风险评估的终点和评估生态系统服务功能受到的潜在影响之间有很大的差距。作者提出了一个框架,将常用的生态毒理学终点与对种群和群落的影响以及生态系统的服务功能联系起来。这个框架建立在机制效应模型的长足进步上,这些模型旨在跨越多种生物组织,并解释各种生物相互作用和反馈。为了说明这一点,作者引入了2个研究案例,它们采用了已完善和已验证的机制效应模型:鱼种群的inSTREAM个体模型和AQUATOX生态系统模型。他们还展示了动态能量平衡理论可以为解释组织级毒性提供一种通用货币。他们认为,一个基于机制模型的框架,可以预测化学品暴露对生态系统服务的影响,再结合经济估值,可以为环境管理提供一种有用的方法。作者强调了使用这个框架的潜在好处以及未来工作中需要解决的挑战。
精选自Forbes, V. E., Salice, C. J., Birnir, B., Bruins, R. J.F., Calow, P., Ducrot, V., Galic, N., Garber, K., Harvey, B. C., Jager, H., Kanarek, A., Pastorok, R., Railsback, S. F., Rebarber, R. and Thorbek, P. (2017), A framework for predicting impacts on ecosystem services from (sub)organismal responses to chemicals. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 36: 845–859. doi: 10.1002/etc.3720
详情请见http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/etc.3720/full
  
AuthorAffiliation
Valery E. Forbes 1,*, Chris J. Salice 2, Bjorn Birnir 3, Randy J.F. Bruins 4, Peter Calow 5, Virginie Ducrot 6, Nika Galic 1, Kristina Garber 7, Bret C. Harvey 8, Henriette Jager 9, Andrew Kanarek 7, Robert Pastorok 10, Steve F. Railsback1 1, Richard Rebarber 12, Pernille Thorbek 131. Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA 2. Environmental Science and Studies Program and Department of Biological Sciences, Towson University, Towson, Maryland, USA 3. Center for Complex and Nonlinear Science and Department of Mathematics, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California, USA 4. Systems Exposure Division, National Exposure Research Laboratory, US Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, Ohio 5. Humphrey School of Public Affairs, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA 6. Crop Science Division, Bayer, Monheim am Rhein, Germany 7. Environmental Fate and Effects Division, Office of Pesticide Programs, US Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC 8. Pacific Southwest Research Station, US Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Arcata, California 9. Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA 10. Ecology Group, Integral Consulting, Woodinville, Washington, USA 11. Lang Railsback & Associates, Arcata, California, USA 12. Department of Mathematics, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA 13. Environmental Safety, Syngenta, Jealott's Hill International Research Centre, Bracknell, United Kingdom
英文摘要:
      Protection of ecosystem services is increasingly emphasized as a risk-assessment goal, but there are wide gaps between current ecological risk-assessment endpoints and potential effects on services provided by ecosystems. The authors present a framework that links common ecotoxicological endpoints to chemical impacts on populations and communities and the ecosystem services that they provide. This framework builds on considerable advances in mechanistic effects models designed to span multiple levels of biological organization and account for various types of biological interactions and feedbacks. For illustration, the authors introduce 2 case studies that employ well-developed and validated mechanistic effects models: the inSTREAM individual-based model for fish populations and the AQUATOX ecosystem model. They also show how dynamic energy budget theory can provide a common currency for interpreting organism-level toxicity. They suggest that a framework based on mechanistic models that predict impacts on ecosystem services resulting from chemical exposure, combined with economic valuation, can provide a useful approach for informing environmental management. The authors highlight the potential benefits of using this framework as well as the challenges that will need to be addressed in future work.
View more in http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/etc.3720/full
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