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刘顺亮1,陶峰1,3,宋晓红2,#, 孙占学1,*. 南方某铀矿山废水对生物的急性毒性研究[J]. 生态毒理学报, 2018, 13(4): 203-208
南方某铀矿山废水对生物的急性毒性研究
Study on the Biological Toxicity Assessment of one Southern Uranium Mine
投稿时间:2018-03-27  修订日期:2018-06-26
DOI:10.7524/AJE.1673-5897.20180327001
中文关键词:  铀矿山废水  发光细菌  禾花鲤  急性毒性试验
英文关键词:uranium mining wastewater  luminescent bacteria  Procypris merus  acute toxicity
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41772266,51564001);东华理工大学研究生创新资金资助项目(YC2017-S272)
作者单位
刘顺亮1,陶峰1,3,宋晓红2,#, 孙占学1,* 1. 东华理工大学 核资源与环境省部共建国家重点实验室南昌 330013 2. 桂林理工大学 环境科学与工程学院/广西环境污染控制理论与技术重点实验室, 桂林 541006 3. 湖南省核工业地质调查院长沙 410011 
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中文摘要:
      为探明铀矿山对周围环境的联合毒性机制,本研究以常用生物毒性测试菌种——发光细菌青海弧菌Q67和费氏弧菌以及禾花鲤为受试生物代表,实地采集的铀矿山废水为目标废水,研究铀矿山废水对发光细菌和禾花鲤的急性毒性。实验结果表明,矿山废水对3种生物的急性毒性存在显著的剂量-效应关系,毒性效应浓度EC50(LC50)的大小顺序为禾花鲤幼鱼>费氏弧菌>青海弧菌Q67,Pb2+/U6+浓度分别为6.052/3.026 mg L-1、2.284/1.142 mg L-1、1.339/0.669 mg L-1,均可有效指示矿山废水的毒性水平,其中发光细菌更为灵敏、快速;且青海弧菌Q67的EC50值最小,灵敏度最高,可作为表征矿山废水毒性风险的首选指示物。研究结果能够为放射性矿区废水生态风险预警、安全处理处置、水质基准制定及流域水环境管理提供依据。
  
AuthorAffiliation
Liu Shunliang1, Tao Feng1,3, Song Xiaohong2,#, Sun Zhanxue1,*1. State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Resources and Environment, East China University of Technology, Nanchang 330013 , China 2. College of Environmental Science and Engineering/Guangxi Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution Control Theory and Technology, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin 541006, China 3. Hunan Institute of Geological Survey, Changsha 410011, China
英文摘要:
      In order to explore the joint toxicity mechanism of uranium mines to the surrounding environment, in this study, the luminescent bacteria Vibrio qinghaiensis Q67, and Vibrio fischeri as well as the fish Procypris merus, the common biotoxicity test strain, were used as the representatives of the tested organisms, and the wastewater collected from a uranium mine in the Southern China is the target wastewater. Furthermore, the acute toxicity test of uranium mine wastewater to luminescent bacteria and Hehua carp was conducted. The results showed that there was a significant dose effect relationship between mine wastewater and the three organisms. The order of toxicity effect concentration EC50 (LC50) is as follows: Procypris merus > Vibrio fischeri > Vibrio qinghaiensis Q67. The concentration of Pb2+/ U6+ were 6.052/3.026 mg L-1, 2.284/1.142 mg L-1, 1.339/0.669 mg L-1, respectively. All of them can effectively indicate the toxicity level of mine wastewater, and the luminescent bacteria are more sensitive and rapid. Besides, the Vibrio qinghaiensis Q67 had the minimum EC50 values and higher sensitivity, so it can be used as the first choice indicator to characterize the toxicity risk of mine wastewater. The research results can provide the basis for ecological risk early warning, safe disposal, water quality standard establishment and watershed water environment management in radioactive mining area.
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